Wake up sailors! We are going to see a sailing event that I think will be an unbelievable spectacle. Beginning Saturday, September 7 this battle, between Emirates Team New Zealand and ORACLE TEAM USA, is going to be emotional, hard-fought, fast and exhausting.
As always with the America's Cup, the stakes are high. The winner chooses the next venue, boats, format and date. The actual Deed of Gift was envisioned to be a challenger driven event, however the defender ends up making the rules You can be sure both New Zealand and the USA have future challenges in their hip pocket that will be pulled out just after their boat crosses the finish line when, and if, they win. The future of the 35th America's Cup is certainly an open question. But, right now, we will see a lot of sailing before anyone can talk about the future.
I have been in a good position to watch both the defenders and challengers this past month aboard the race committee boat, Regardless. On the water I also use the AC LiveLine graphics, and television pictures to help me with my part of the NBC commentary team along with Todd Harris and Ken Read, who are back on shore. There are a lot of interesting things to see on the water. These include subtle differences in boat handling, speed and maneuvers.
Like everyone else here in San Francisco I am wondering who will win the match. The truth is no one has any real clue and that will make this regatta so much fun to watch. I am sure both boats will get their share of wins. It's easy: just get a better start, sail faster, cover when ahead, and don't make any mistakes. Nothing to it, right? Not quite. This will be a hard event to win and there is no doubt both teams are hungry for victory.
Emirates Team New Zealand is a well prepared team with more time on the water than the other three teams. They are a joy to watch. The crew is a well choreographed unit on nearly every maneuver except during Race One of the Louis Vuitton Cup final when NZL nose-dived while rounding the windward mark. Two crew were washed over the side. It was a scary moment. Then, New Zealand had a hydraulic failure in Race Two and were unable to finish. Other than those incidents the Kiwis have been flawless.
New Zealand skipper Dean Barker will have to sail the series of his life to win. He seems calm and ready. He faces Jimmy Spithill from ORACLE TEAM USA, a ruthless competitor and fearless helmsman who will push his boat and crew to the limit around the race course. Historically, Spithill has finished ahead of Barker more often than not. The battle during the two minute pre-start sequence will be epic. Both helmsmen will be well coached on each other's tactical moves. Both crews will have to flawlessly execute their boat handling. There will be very little time to gain an advantage. The boats will have to enter the starting box precisely on time, and get their boat in a position for the final sprint to the line.
The AC 72s can sail one boat-length in one second. If you are late by just three seconds you are in trouble. It will be close, and I expect frequent protests by both boats. The Umpires will have their work cut out to make the right calls. I also expect most of the protests will be waived off with green flags (no foul, keep racing). If we see lots of protests you will know the emotions are running high. I predict in ten starts Spithill will win five, draw two and lose three. We will see.
In the one unofficial scrimmage between NZL and USA two weeks ago the speeds seemed to be about even on a downwind leg. During one simultaneous jibe NZL appeared to gain more than a length. But the defending team has had good in-house racing. Spithill has the advantage of sailing with the varsity crew, and is always on the newer boat. He wins many of the races, but trial horse skipper Sir Ben Ainslie has won his share, and always pushes hard. These races have helped the USA improve. New Zealand looks more polished while maneuvering than the American boats. In this area I give the Kiwis the edge. However, their advantage will diminish as the races progress. The Cup final is a first to win nine points series, so there's going to be a lot of racing. Both teams will learn with each race.
Every day on San Francisco Bay the best tactical choices will change depending on the current and wind strength. I give ORACLE TEAM USA the edge here. Their tactical wizard is John Kostecki, who grew up racing on San Francisco Bay. He rarely makes a bad call. New Zealand's tactician, Ray Davies, is a cool hand. Davies and Barker grew up together at the same yacht club, and are close friends. That will help when things get tight. And, they will. Like Kostecki, Davies also makes few mistakes but he did not grow up in these waters. New Zealand does have an excellent "local knowledge" coach in American Dee Smith, who also grew racing here. Smith will certainly give Davies all the correct trends, but he is not on the boat like Kostecki.
Only one leg of the 10 mile course will be to windward. I hear over and over from various experts that the USA has a slight edge over New Zealand when sailing to windward. Again, no one really knows, but I have witnessed both boats foiling up wind without losing very much windward distance. A few times the boats have hit 30 knots! My guess is that upwind foiling will be something that will be rolled out during the Cup. In fact, the teams will likely have many secret speed elements that we won't see until the racing starts.
Both teams have very strong designers. Both design groups number over 30 engineers and naval architects and probably have lengthy lists of things they would like to test, but time is running out. The designers will be able to make adjustments during the match. As mentioned, every race will be a learning experience. Making improvements to various design elements will be an important part of this regatta. But we will not know what is happening in the background. The result of this work will only be apparent during the races.
The wind limit for the America's Cup goes up to 23 knots (from 21 for the LVC), which will be adjusted for the current. ORACLE TEAM USA has spent most of its time training when the wind is under the limit. New Zealand goes out when the wind is well above. Against, Luna Rossa the Kiwis seemed to be faster when the wind was light. It is possible that one boat will have an edge in one wind condition and not another. If this happens, the strength of the wind could be the deciding factor.
On our broadcasts I have called the AC 72s, 'fast, scary, and fragile.' After watching 12 challenger races, and 14 defender practice races I am adding another word to my description... graceful. An AC 72 sailing at 47 knots while making wide turns at a turning mark is a thing of beauty.
Like any sporting event the winner is often the one who wants it more. New Zealand is a country of only 4.5 million people. This is a smaller population than my home state of Maryland. ORACLE TEAM USA's syndicate head, Larry Ellison wants to win badly. The need to win is in his DNA. Let there be no doubt that the Kiwis are also highly motivated. They know what it was like to have the Cup in their home waters. ETNZ is made up of 9 New Zealand sailors and two Australians (who live in New Zealand). Ellison's crew is a multi-national group from the USA, Holland, Italy, France, Australia, New Zealand, and Antigua (depending on the starting line up).
The difference in the past was the man who first won it for New Zealand and later successfully defended it. Sir Russell Coutts, is the man in charge of ORACLE TEAM USA. You can imagine how the Kiwis would like to defeat their former hero. Likewise, Coutts, would like to continue his undefeated winning streak in the America's Cup. Coutts has won four America's Cups, and has yet to lose a single race.
The races will only last 30 minutes or less. The speeds of these machines may never be seen again in the America's Cup. Both teams expect they can, and will, win. The contest will go back and forth. Unlike the Super Bowl that is over in 3 hours, the America's Cup will likely extend for two weeks. New Zealand seems to have more fans around the waterfront of San Francisco, but in the end I think ORACLE TEAM USA will defend...barely.
- Gary Jobson